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                                                                ( June/July  1999 issue)                            MANAGE Bulletin

by Shri A.K. Goel, Director General and Dr.N.K. Sanghi, Director (NRM), MANAGE

MANAGE is the premier institute for Agricultural Extension Management in India under the wings of Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperation. Its 42 acres campus is located in Hyderabad having 750 mm annual rainfall. Topography is undulating with light red soils.

The area is ridden with mini-hillocks coupled with deep gullies indicating heavy runoff during uncertain season with a few rainy days. Building blocks have come up along with a few garden patches here and there during last 4 years. But for these green spots, the remaining landscape presents a barren picture for major part of the year.

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The institute is also blessed with a faculty steeped in multi-disciplinary philosophy. One of such proud disciplines is ‘watershed management’. In fact, guidelines to operationalize Hanumantha Rao Committee report on Watershed Development were crafted in MANAGE.

An idea struck us sometime in January, 1999 as to why the same watershed concept should not be applied to our own campus itself? Why each and every drop of water should not be conserved whenever it falls in our campus premises? 42 acres of land with 750 mm rainfall amounts to 12.6 hectare meter volume of water or 1.26 lakh cubic meter of water being received perennially. If every drop is conserved, perhaps MANAGE campus could be converted into a lush green garden with trees, creepers, flowers and water bodies with microfauna over a period of 5 years.

The very idea was infectious. Very soon, everyone was talking about it to each other. That was the time when Mr. Hanumatha Rao – the author of ‘Four waters concept’ took a brainstorming session in February, 1999, with faculty members. After a week or so, he came back again and perambulated the length and breadth of the campus. The visit was reeducation to almost all of us. We discovered the hitherto unknown features in our campus – like an ancient aqueduct, an old archbridge, an old well and the like. We sat around the contour map once again. By now all of us shared a common experience of an hour long padayatra and the dream of conserving every drop of water flashed vividly in our inward eyes. Though tired – All of us were inspired by now.

  In the month of March, 1999, all the water harvesting structures were put on map and located on land as well. A contour trench around mini hillocks, a series of sunken ponds along rills interspersed with mini-percolation tanks around ridge, a series of stone dams along gully to harvest soil, water trapping structures along road ribbon and redirecting it to avenue trees through graded trenches were some of the things to be done before arrival of rains. All these works were estimated to cost around Rs.3/ lakhs in March, 1999. Though civil engineering wing was responsible for executing the works, the watershed faculty was made responsible for covering the entire developmental process. Both the wings rose to the occasion.

Works have already commenced in right earnest. Monsoon arrives in Hyderabad in June and lasts four months. We expect that the entire rainfall in the campus during the monsoon to be conserved within its boundaries without letting even a drop of water to escape. There are three major exit points for runoff water. We have decided to monitor them immediately during and after a heavy downpour. Even if a drop escapes, we have failed but we fervently hope to be succeed.

This line of thinking in MANAGE gives rise to the concept of 'Water Budget'. An institute with X Acres of land with Y millimeters of annual rainfall receives a quantity of X-Y units of water perennially. Major portions of it goes waste as on today. But with proper planning, it can be conserved within the campus with minimal expenditure on appropriate soil water harvesting structures. Once water stops, wealth sprouts and over a period of time, it multiplies not in a linear manner but exponentially like compound interest --year after year. That wealth rightly belongs to the institution eternally.

In our country, total number of such institutes runs into a few thousands. There are 29 State Agricultural Universities - each with a few thousand acres of land. Then we have regular universities, Institutes of Technologies, Engineering and Managements, Post-Graduate Centers and Degree Colleges, Central Public Sector undertakings with huge extents of land around them, Agricultural Research, Extension and training outfits, Animal Husbandry, Horticulture, Sericulture and Agriculture Institutes, Secretariat Buildings, Commissionerate, Collectorate and subordinate office outfits, residential bungalows, state public sector outfits, etc. All this adds upto 2000 to 3000 units with around 2 lakh acre of land. Responsibility to account for this 'water receipt' on an annual basis would rest with the CEO of the institute/office. They have adequate funds, authority and manpower. What is perhaps needed is just a spark to set their imagination on fire. They, after all are professionals. With the click of a button, they can communicate with any part of the globe through satellites. They would love to communicate now with mother earth - through the five forces of nature - also called Panchabhutalu - i.e. soil, water, sunshine, sky and biomass.

First Implementation Workshop on ITD Component

The first project implementation workshop for NATP states under Innovations in Technology Dissemination (ITD) component was held at the National Institute of Agricultural Extension Management (MANAGE), Hyderabad, during May 18-19, 1999.  The objective of the workshop was to share and finalise the proposals of the ITD component under NATP for Technology Dissemination Management Committee's (TDMC) approval and also to discuss and review the implementation plan for the ITD component.

Dr. G.R. Desai, Director and Corrdinator, NATP, MANAGE welcomed the participants and informed about the efforts which had gone into preparation of Strategic Research and Extension Plans (SREPs) and Annual Action Plans (AAPs).  Dr. V.V. Sadamate, Addl.  Commissioner (Extension) expressed that institutional changes envisaged at district and block levels would help in facilitating the implementation of the project to fulfil its objectives.   He expressed that Panchayati Raj institutions at District, block and village levels should also be associated with the programme.

Shri A.K. Goel, Director General, MANAGE in his inaugural address emphasised that the  group approach which is to be employed in this programme would maximize overall impact and make extension system sustainable.  He opined that programmes/proposals should be made such that they could be replicated in different areas.

The next session was devoted to technical issues wherein state representatives of ATMA, SAMETI and nodal officers presented SREPs, Annual Action Plans for 1999-2000 and proposals relating to strengthening of SAMETIs and state headquarters.

Some of the highlights of the workshop are given below.

SREPs have already been developed by all pilot districts with the  help of MANAGE.  AAPs, which include investment plans and comprehensive block action plans, have been developed for all the districts.  It was decided that all SREPs and AAPs  with related documents need to be prepared and approved by respective Governing Boards (GB) of ATMAs in pilot districts.

It was informed that the SAMETI at Bhubaneshwar has been registered.

Proposals in respect of Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh and Maharasxhtra would be considered when they are made autonomous and order to this effect has been communicated to GOI, SAMETIs in Punjab and Bihar need further consideration of States as to where these would be established.

AAPs including investment plans of all the 6 pilot districts were revised during the workshop.   These revised allocations for ATMAs of the 6 districts need to be incorporated in AAPs and sent to MANAGE and DOE after approval of G.B.

State officials expressed the ned for orientation workshops for district, block and village level extension officials in respect of the NATP concept and action plans to be implemented in pilot districts.  MANAGE and DOE officials would participate as resoruce persons.

There is need to integrate other schemes and programmes in the pilot districts with NATP activities.

As regards fund flow mechanism, district officials felt that funds should be released from ATMA to Block  Technology Teams (BTTs).  However, the States may evolve their own suitable models.

District   offricials were urged to work towards ortanising farmers groups for dissemination of agricultural technology.

State officials  informed that the coverage of more districts needs to be notified immediately and states informed to enable them to provide supplementary budget allocation for covering an additional 12 or 18 districts.

Immediate action is needed to establish BTTs and FACs in districts where they have not been established.

Workshop/training programmes on accounting, audit and reimbursement need to be organised by GOI/MANAGE with the help of World Bank officials.

World Bank Mission Review

A team from the World Bank visited during June 10-30, 1999, for review of the ITD component under NATP in different States.  Dr. Burton E. Swanson, Consultant and Shri Ashok Seth, Principal Agriculturist, were members  of the Mission.

The team had discussions with Secreatry and Directors of Agriculture of the states; Directors of other line departments, Chairman and ProjectDirector of ATMA, BTT members, farmers groups, and individual farmers.  The mission also reviewed the functioning of ATMA, DTT, BTT, FACs, SAMETI and farmers groups apart from nodal officers of State Headquarters and KVK/ZRS in the concerned districts.

Senior officers from Directorate of Extension, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India and senior faculty from MANAGE accompanied the World Bank Team.


Trainers' Training Manual for Participatory Management of Watershed Projects

by Dr. G.R. Desai and Shri S.K. Arora.  Price: Rs.100.00

This Manual is based on four modules dealing with the Common guidelines and Technical issues; Participatory Rural Appraisal and Community Organizations; General management and Project Management skills and Administration and Accounts matters.

Technical Manual on Watershed Management

by Dr. J. Venkateswarlu.  Price: Rs.120.00

The Technical Manual enlists technologies relevant to different agro-climatic regions in India.   Focus is on people friendly, low cost technologies, which are simple and easy to operate and maintain and are based on local materials and indigenous knowledge.

These manuals will (not only) be found useful by trainers imparting training in participatory management of watershed projects but also by practitioners, administrators and scientists involved in watershed development.

Orders may kindly be sent to :

Director General, MANAGE, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad-500 030, AP, India.


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